-A +A

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP)

How is the Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) rate calculated? 
The Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) rate is calculated as follows:  
Total # of ICU cases of  VAP after 48 hours of
          mechanical ventilation days x1000         
Total # of ventilator days for ICU patients 18 years and older 
Reporting Period
Markham Site
Number of Cases
Jan-Mar 2014 0 0.00
Apr-Jun 0 0.00
Jul-Sep 2014 0 0.00
Oct-Dec 2014  0 0.00
Jan-Mar 2015 <5 2.02
Apr-Jun 2015 0 0.00
Jul-Sept 2015 0 0.00
Oct-Dec 2015 0 0.00
Jan-Mar 2016 0 0.00
Apr-Jun 2016 0 0.00

Note: Only hospitals with Intensive Care Units (ICUs) are required to report their quarterly CLI rate and number of cases.

Frequently Asked Questions

VAP is defined as pneumonia (a serious lung infection) that can occur in patients (specifically ICU patients) who need external mechanical breathing support (a ventilator), intermittently or continuously, through a breathing tube for more than 48 hours.

VAP can develop in patients for many reasons. Because they are relying on an external machine to breath, their normal coughing, yawning, and deep breath reflexes are suppressed. Furthermore, they may have a weakened immune system, making them more vulnerable to infection.  ICU teams have many ways to try to assist patients with these normal breathing reflexes, but despite this, patients are still at risk for developing pneumonia.

What can patients do to help reduce their chances of infection? Patients should always follow instructions given by your healthcare team. Frequent hand cleaning is a good way to prevent the spread of infection.
What is Markham Stouffville Hospital doing to improve patient safety? Markham Stouffville Hospital has implemented the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care’s Just Clean Your Hands hand hygiene initiative. We are working with employees, visitors and patients to minimize hospital-acquired infections through:
  • Hand cleaning initiatives
  • Environmental cleaning
  • Sterilization of equipment
  • Education
  • Additional isolation precautions

If you have any questions, about our quality indicators please call 905-472-7373 extension 6199